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Insert_recordset, Update_recordset, and delete_from single transaction command.

08 Nov

In AX, you can manipulate a set of data by sending only one command to the database. This way of manipulating data improves performance a lot when trying to manipulate large sets of records. The commands for manipulations are insert_recordset, update_recordset, and delete_from. With these commands, we can manipulate many records within one database transaction, which is a lot more efficient than using the insert, update, or delete methods.

Lets discuss about these commands one by one.

 

  • Insert_recordset

    A very efficient way of inserting a chunk of data is to use the insert_recordset operator, as compared to using the insert() method. The insert_recordset operator can be used in two different ways; to either copy data from one or more tables to another, or simply to add a chunk of data into a table in one database operation.

    The first example will show how to insert a chunk of data into a table in one database operation. To do this, we simply use two different table variables for the same table and set one of them to act as a temporary table. This means that its content is not stored in the database, but simply held in memory on the tier where the variable was instantiated.

    static void Insert_RecordsetInsert(Args _args)

    {

    CarTable carTable;

    CarTable carTableTmp;

     

    /* Set the carTableTmp variable to be a temporary table.

    This means that its contents are only store in memory

    not in the database.

    */

    carTableTmp.setTmp();

    // Insert 3 records into the temporary table.

    carTableTmp.CarId = “200”;

    carTableTmp.CarBrand = “MG”;

    carTableTmp.insert();

    carTableTmp.CarId = “300”;

    carTableTmp.CarBrand = “SAAB”;

    carTableTmp.insert();

    carTableTmp.CarId = “400”;

    carTableTmp.CarBrand = “Ferrari”;

    carTableTmp.insert();

    /* Copy the contents from the fields carId and carBrand

    in the temporary table to the corresponding fields in

    the table variable called carTable and insert the chunk

    in one database operation.

    */

    Insert_Recordset carTable (carId, carBrand)

    select carId, carBrand from carTableTmp;

    }

    The other, and perhaps more common way of using the insert_recordset operator, is to copy values from one or more tables into new records in another table. A very simple example on how to do this can be to create a record in the InventColor table for all records in the InventTable.

    static void Insert_RecordsetCopy(Args _args)

    {

    InventColor inventColor;

    InventTable inventTable;

    This material is copyright and is licensed for the sole use by ALESSANDRO CAROLLO on 18th December

    Chapter 6

    [ 169 ]

    InventColorId defaultColor = “B”;

    Name defaultColorName = “Blue”;

    ;

    insert_recordset inventColor (ItemId, InventColorId, Name)

    select itemId, defaultColor, defaultColorName

    from inventTable;

    }

    The field list inside the parentheses points to fields in the InventColor table.

    The fields in the selected or joined tables are used to fill values into the fields in

    the field list.

     

  • Update_recordset

    The update_recordset operator can be used to update a chunk of records in a table in one database operation. As with the insert_recordset operator the update_recordset is very efficient because it only needs to call an update in the database once.

    The syntax for the update_recordset operator can be seen in the next example:

    static void Update_RecordsetExmple(Args _args)

    {

    CarTable carTable;

    ;

    info(“BEFORE UPDATE”);

    while select carTable

    where carTable.ModelYear == 2007

    {

    info(strfmt(“CarId %1 has run %2 miles”,

    carTable.CarId, carTable.Mileage));

    }

    update_recordset carTable setting Mileage = carTable.Mileage + 1000

    where carTable.ModelYear == 2007;

    info(“AFTER UPDATE”);

    while select carTable

    where carTable.ModelYear == 2007

    {

    info(strfmt(“CarId %1 has now run %2 miles”,

    carTable.CarId, carTable.Mileage));

    }

    }

     

    When this Job is executed it will print the following messages to the Infolog:

    Notice that no error was thrown even though the Job didn’t use selectforupdate, ttsbegin, and ttscommit statements in this example. The selectforupdate is implicit when using the update_recordset, and the ttsbegin and ttscommit are not necessary when all the updates are done in one database operation. However, if you were to write several update_recordset statements in a row, or do other checks that should make the update fail, you could use ttsbegin and ttscommit and force a ttsabort if the checks fail.

     

  • Delete_from

    As with the insert_recordset and update_recordset operators, there is also an option for deleting a chunk of records. This operator is called delete_from and is used as the next example shows:

     

    static void Delete_FromExample(Args _args)

    {

    CarTable carTable;

     

    delete_from carTable

    where carTable.Mileage == 0;

    }

     

    Thanks for reading the post, any comments or questions are welcomed. Keep visiting the blog.

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Posted by on November 8, 2010 in AX, Dynamics, SQL, Tables, X++

 

Tags: , , ,

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